Difference between Resume, CV and Bio-data

Difference between Resume, CVA lot of us often use the terms resume, CV and bio-data interchangeably when creating a profile for work related purposes.

As similar as their content may appear, there is however a significant difference between the three.

First of all get into the details of what exactly difference between a Resume and CV.


Curriculum Vitae

A Curriculum Vitae or CV, as we commonly know it, literally translates to “course of life” and has its origin in the Latin language. It specifically entails the details of a person’s life and education. It covers in extensive detail the skills, talents, professional achievements, educational background and list of previous jobs and degrees.

The list is arranged in a chronological order, more like a timeline display of events as they have occurred.

It is not meant for any particular job or interview or a position, but displays the general skills and capabilities of a person.

It usually extends to 2-3 pages in its entirety, though there are no rules in its further extension.


The word resume is derived from French and translates into “summary”. As the name suggests, a resume carries a person’s details that relate to his/her education, employment and skill.

It is specifically used in the application of a new job or position. Hence the enlisting of the skills targets only that particular position or job one is applying for, and does not included all the educational and professional achievements if they do not pertain to the position in question.

Unlike a bio-data, a resume is not in an essay format; rather it states facts and information in a concise bullet point format. Its approach is very objective.

It usually starts with a summary of a person’s qualifications, then moves onto their strengths and areas of expertise. Professional experience follows in reverse chronological order to show first the most recent engagement.

It is a lot more focused on stating facts and figures that relate to the job in question. The format makes for easy and precise reading, wherein the responsibilities and accomplishments of the candidate is made evident.

A resume also carries supplementary information like any related skill or certification, or affiliations of professional nature.


A Bio-Data technically means Biographical Data. This particular document focuses on the personal details of a person. This includes facts like the name, date of birth, nationality, gender, marital status, place of residence, etc. It further comprises details relating to a person’s education and experience.

The format of a bio-data may vary depending on the company you are providing your details to and their template.

The use of bio-data is seen while applying for a research grant or a government job. It is more on the line of a descriptive essay than a list of facts stated in bullet points. This also leaves room for one to make use of their creative flair as compared to the writing involved in a CV or a Resume.

It won’t be wrong to say that a bio-data has a bigger taker in the Indian market as the international job market doesn’t require personal details pertaining to age, gender and religion.

Since this is an essay format that is extensively descriptive, the page length could vary from person to person. It is more flexible in this regard as compared to a CV and a Resume.

Resume, CV and Bio-Data, they all carry personal information and provide an insight into a candidate’s life and experience. Knowing where to use which document can make a huge difference in presenting your skills and abilities in the most desired manner.

It saves time for the reader to find exactly what he/she is seeking and it saves the candidate from either including much or too little information.

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